If we talk about minimum no. of colors that is sufficient to vertex-color in any planar graph which means a planar graph with any no. of vertices. However, in some cases, 3 colors are suffcient to vertex-color in a planar graph like triangle whereas in some cases 4 colors are suffcient to vertex-color in a planar graph . But is has been proved that 4 colors are sufficient to vertex-color every planar graph. It is called as the four color theorem. So, the answer will be 4.