GATE Exam Pattern
In all GATE papers, there are total 65 questions carrying 100 marks, out of which 10 questions carrying total of 15 marks are in General Aptitude (GA). The General Aptitude section carries 15% of the total marks.
In the papers with the codes AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN, ME, MN, MT, PI, TF and XE, the Engineering Mathematics section carries around 13% of the total marks. The remaining percentage of the total marks are related to the syllabus of the paper.
The duration of GATE exam is 3 hours. The question paper consist of both multiple choice questions (MCQ) and numerical answer type questions.
Mode of GATE Paper
The GATE examination for all the papers is conducted as a Computer Based Test (CBT), where questions are displayed in a random sequence on a computer screen. You are required to either select the answer (for MCQ type) or enter the answer for numerical answer type question using a mouse on a virtual keyboard. You will be provided with blank paper sheets for rough work.
Types of Questions in GATE
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) carrying 1 or 2 marks each; Each of the multiple choice objective questions in all papers and sections will contain four answer choices, out of which you have to select correct answer or answers.
Numerical Answer Questions, carrying 1 or 2 marks each; The answer is a real number, which you have to enter using the mouse and a virtual on-screen keypad.
Design of Questions
The questions in GATE are designed to test following abilities:
These are based on facts, principles, formulae or laws of the discipline of the paper. You are expected to obtain the answer either from your memory of the subject or at most from a one-line computation.
Q. During machining maximum heat is produced
(A) in flank face
(B) in rake face
(C) in shear zone
(D) due to friction between chip and tool
These questions will test your understanding of the basics of your field. You have to draw simple conclusions from fundamental ideas.
Q. A DC motor requires a starter in order to
(A) develop a starting torque
(B) compensate for auxiliary field ampere turns
(C) limit armature current at starting
(D) provide regenerative braking
In these questions, you are expected to apply your knowledge either through computation or by logical reasoning.
Q. The sequent depth ratio of a hydraulic jump in a rectangular channel is 16.48. The Froude number at the beginning of the jump is:
(A) 5.0 (B) 8.0 (C) 10.0 (D) 12.0
4. Analysis and Synthesis
In these questions, you are presented with data, diagrams, images, etc. that require analysis before a question can be answered.
Marking Scheme / Negative Marking
For 1 mark multiple choice questions, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. Likewise, for 2 marks multiple choice questions, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. There is no negative marking for numerical answer type questions.
General Aptitude (GA) Questions
In all papers, GA questions are of multiple choice type, and carry 15 marks. The GA section includes 5 questions carrying 1 mark each (sub-total 5 marks) and 5 questions carrying 2 marks each (sub-total 10 marks).
Question Papers other than GG, XE and XL
These papers contain 25 questions carrying one mark each (sub-total 25 marks) and 30 questions carrying two marks each (sub-total 60 marks).
GG (Geology and Geophysics) Paper
Apart from the General Aptitude (GA) section, the GG question paper consists of two parts: Part A and Part B. Part A is common for all candidates. Part B contains two sections: Section 1 (Geology) and Section 2 (Geo-physics). You have to attempt questions in Part A and either Section 1 or Section 2 in Part B.
Part A consists of 25 questions carrying 1-mark each (sub-total 25 marks). Each section in Part B (Section 1 and Section 2) consists of 30 questions carrying 2 marks each (sub-total 60 marks).
XE Paper (Engineering Sciences)
In XE paper, Engineering Mathematics Section (Section A) is compulsory. This section contains 11 questions carrying a total of 15 marks - 7 questions carrying 1 mark each (sub-total 7 marks), and 4 questions carrying 2-marks each (sub-total 8 marks).
Each of the other sections of the XE paper (Sections B through G) contains 22 questions carrying a total of 35 marks - 9 questions carrying 1 mark each (sub-total 9 marks) and 13 questions carrying 2 marks each (sub-total 26 marks).
XL Paper (Life Sciences)
In XL paper, Chemistry Section (Section H) is compulsory. This section contains 15 questions carrying a total of 25 marks - 5 questions carrying 1 mark each (sub-total 5 marks) and 10 questions carrying 2 marks each (sub-total 20 marks).
Each of the other sections of the XL paper (Sections I through M) contains 20 questions carrying a total of 30 marks - 10 questions carrying 1 mark each (sub-total 10 marks) and 10 questions carrying 2 marks each (sub-total 20 marks).